Preliminary Inventory of Records of the Field Offices of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Record Group 105) - Texas
Prepared by Marvin Holmes, Genealogist

Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas , Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869. The headquarters office for the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas was at Galveston from September 1865 until the Bureau ended its operations in the State.
32 rolls. DP.

Letters sent: Arranged and numbered in chronological order.
Name Indexes. Includes Huntsville, Texas, Walker County, and Liberty, Texas, Polk County:

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
1Vol. 1 (4)Sept. 1865-Mar. 18671503542
 Vol. 2 (5)Mar. 1867-May 1869 
 Unbound LettersMay-July 1868 and undated 

Endorsements sent - Arranged and numbered in chronological order.
Name Indexes:

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
2Vol. 1 (7)Apr. 1866-Sept. 18671503543
 Vol. 2 (8)Sept. 1867-May 1869 

Registers of letters received

Entries are arranged by initial letter of surname of correspondent and there under generally chronologically. Name index. For Huntsville, Texas, Walker County, entries are arranged and numbered in chronological order. Volume 110 includes a name index, and there is a partial name index in volume 111. Volume 110 also contains letters sent and circulars issued, October 1866-January 1867, arranged and numbered in chronological order, and monthly narrative reports of conditions and operations, August-December 1867. Volume 11 also contains a register of contracts and narrative reports of conditions and operations, January-May 1868. For Liberty, Texas Polk County, entries arranged chronologically. This volume also contains a list of permits to ship cotton, November 1866:

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
3Vol. 1 (1)Feb. 1866-Aug. 18671503544
 Vol. 2 (2)Sept. 1867-June 1869 

Letters received

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
17Unregistered Letters1865-661503558
18Unregistered Letters1867-69 and undated1503559
19Issuance's and Rosters of Bureau Personnel (9)Oct. 1865-Apr. 18691503560
 Special Orders ReceivedJuly 1866-May 1868 


The received and retained reports relating to rations, land and Bureau personnel, Oct. 1865-Apr. 1869, are arranged chronologically by month and thereunder by type of report. The received reports came from sub-assistant commissioners in the field offices and consist primarily of monthly reports of rations, clothing, and medicines issued to freedmen and refugees, and monthly reports of abandoned and confiscated lands:

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
20Reports of Operation and ConditionsDec. 1866-May 18671503561
21"June-Aug. 18671503562
22"Sept.-Oct. 18671503563
23"Nov-Dec. 18671503564
24"Jan.-Feb. 18681503565
25"Mar-Apr. 18681503566
26"May-July 18681503567
27"Aug.-Oct. 18681503568
28"Nov.-Dec. 18681503569
29Reports Relating to Rations, Land, and Bureau Personnel1865-661503570
 Oaths of Office of Bureau PersonnelSept. 1866-Nov. 1867 
 Unidentified volumes relating to Patients and Accounts.1866-68 

Records relating to murders and outrages and other criminal offenses

RollDescriptionDatesFilm No.
32Record of Criminal Offenses Committed in the State of  Texas. Vol. 1-3 (11ó13)Sept. 1865-Dec. 18681503573
 Registered Reports of Murders and OutragesSept. 1866-July 1867 
 Miscellaneous Records Relating to Murders and Other Criminal Offenses Committed in Texas1865-68 

Records of Criminal Offenses

Are numbered consecutively. The entries in the first volume for the period 1865-68 are not in chronological sequence up to page 43; however, beginning with page 43, and continuing throughout volumes 2 and 3, the entries that span Feb. 1 867-Dec, 1868 are arranged chronologically according to the date a particular offense was reported. The record" may have been at least partially compiled from the registered reports.

Registered Reports of Murders and Outrages

Are arranged by time period and thereunder in the order they were entered in volume 1 of the registers of letters received. The first group of reports is narrative and the second and third are tabular; the third was submitted on prepared Bureau forms. Preceding the first group is a report of freedmen murdered in the State of Texas since the close of the rebellion, evidently compiled in the Assistant Commissionerís office from the registered reports received. Information about criminal offenses is also available in the reports of operation and conditions.

Miscellaneous Records Relating to Murders and Other Criminal Offenses

The miscellaneous records relating to murders and other criminal offenses, 1865-1868, include unregistered reports relating to murders and outrages, 1865-66; list of criminal offenses reported and not reported by the sub-assistant commissioners, March 1868. An inspection of the Texas State Penitentiary at Huntsville, Texas Walker County, the appendix of lists 209 freedmen confined, including their names, counties of residence, crimes allegedly committed, sentences, and miscellaneous remarks.

Welcome | About Us | Library | Membership | News and Events | Forums | Store